Chesnok Red Garlic


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Hardneck – Purple Stripe Type

  • 8-14 cloves/seeds per bulb,
  • 6 to 9 bulbs per pound.
  • 7 to 9 months storage time, sweet flavor.
  • Bulb size may reach 2.75 inches in diameter, typically 1.75″ to 2.25″.

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About Chesnok Red Garlic Seed

Hardneck – Porcelain

Chesnok Red is an attractive hard-neck varietal from the purple stripe family featuring a stunning cranberry color and large, easy-to-crack heads. This strain, known as ‘Shvelisi,’ is the name of a town in the Southern Republic of Georgia where it originates. It was either brought by immigrants or the USDA convoy that traversed the Caucasus mountains visiting villages and looking for garlic varieties after the fall of the soviet union.

Genetic analysis has revealed that the purple stripe family of hardneck garlic is likely the original cultivar from which all other garlic varieties arose. Purple stripe garlic features tight clove wrappings that help increase its storage time, lasting 7- 9 months in the proper storage conditions.

Chesnok Red Garlic FAQ

Why does Chesnok garlic turn red?

Chesnok Red garlic is genetically a variety of garlic known for its tendency to turn deep red or purple. The striking color is the result of anthocyanins are responsible for the colors red, purple, and blue in fruits and vegetables and are enhanced in the presence of natural sulfates. Chesnok Red garlic is a popular choice for pickling and roasting, and it can also use to add color and flavor to stir-fries and soups. Whether you’re a garlic aficionado or simply curious about trying something new, Chesnok Red garlic is worth seeking.

How To Plant Organic Chesnok Red Seed Garlic

Crack the heads of garlic open by hand, carefully separating the inner cloves and leaving their thin papery covering intact. Plant the largest, undamaged cloves; some cloves might get a nick or two from the hand cracking process. Save the smaller and damaged cloves for a delicious batch of Toum; it’s like garlic mayonnaise!

Tip: Since Chesnok is a hardneck garlic, the stem at the top of the bulb is hard. Gently tap the hard stem onto a hard surface like a 2×4 piece of wood. This help loosens all the seeds and makes cracking the bulb easy.

When planting cloves in the soil, place the pointy end up 3-4 inches deep and 6 inches apart. Then, cover with your soil and bless the seed. Now is the time to add some mulch or straw to help insulate the garlic from the winter rain or snow. We get some storms that leave 18 inches of snow for a week or two. Garlic loves the vernalization of freezing weather. Even when there is snow on the crop, the seeds slowly send new roots deeper into the ground.

Garlic is an amazing plant; the roots naturally pull the bulbs deeper into the soil. You may want to grow soft neck varieties if you live in a milder climate and do not get hard freezes. Chesnok is a very hardy plant and will grow in any environment. We have had some customers living in the south tell us they have tricked the garlic by placing it in their freezer for two weeks to mimic vernalization, and it produces excellent bulbs.

How To Harvest Chesnok Red Garlic Seeds

Chesnok garlic typically grows 24 inches in height, and the main stem can reach 1 inch in diameter. Harvest your garlic as it matures; harvest should be based on the dead to alive leaves ratio. Typically there are 8 to 10 sets of leaves on Chesnok. It’s getting close when you see the dying leaves turn yellow to brown and reach halfway up the stalk. The remaining greener tops will also start to yellow at the tips of the leaves, which is expected. You can spot-check the bulb size by digging around the top of the bulb without disturbing the roots and check the bulb size each week of growth makes a difference in size. Bulbs increase in size in the last 6 to 8 weeks of growth.

When at least 50-75% of your crop has ½ green and brown leaves, stop watering and let the soil dry out. This lack of water stresses the bulbs and quickly increases the bulb size. We stop watering two weeks before we think it’s ready.

When you are confident and happy with the size of the bulb, use a hay fork and carefully loosen the soil 6 to 8 inches away from the bulbs to prevent damage.

Because you have added mulch, the bulbs maybe 6 to 8 inches deep into the soil.

Important: Do not remove the excess dirt with water. Your garlic is drying out, and adding water to wash off dirt is a bad thing, as the garlic will immediately start to absorb the new water. The soil can be removed a few days later when it’s dried with a soft brush. Be careful not to remove the layers of paper on the outside of the garlic.

How To Cure Chesnok Red Garlic

There are two methods to cure garlic.

One way to ensure the most prolonged storage Is not to remove the leaves or roots after the garlic is fully cured, 3 to 6 weeks after harvesting. The reasoning is that the leaves and roots left in place until ready for use enhance the flavor by letting the natural moisture slowly evaporate, expanding flavor compounds while your garlic cures.

In both curing methods: Hang bulbs in a well-ventilated, dry area out of direct sunlight at room temperature, ensuring the temperature does not drop below 45 degrees for 3 to 6 weeks. It’s OK if the temperature reaches 90+ degrees for a short period. However, for prolonged high temperatures, use a fan or two to keep the air moving as it aids the drying process.

The Second Method: After 3 to 6 weeks of curing. You can now remove the dirt, leaves, and roots and make them look pretty like you see in supermarkets. You can then put them into ventilated boxes or double paper bags. Place the garlic in the dark, cool, and well-ventilated area. You will get the best results if you can keep the temperature between 45 to 55 degrees. These will store for six months or longer; this method also makes room for items you want to store.

If you want to braid the garlic, ensure the stems have dried slightly but are still flexible. Braiding garlic is an art and much work. We suggest watching how to weave garlic on YouTube as they have many videos.

Garlic hanging time varies depending on the weather in your area; you’ll know it’s done when the roots and leaves are completely dry and easily breakable.

This can take anywhere from 3 – 6 weeks.

When Is the Best Time To Plant Chesnok Red Garlic Seed?

Plant cloves in the ground 3 – 5 weeks before the hard freeze. You can plant in the spring but run the risk of heads being smaller due to a shorter growing time.
Spread mulch, compost, straw, or a mix of both over your crop to help insulate the garlic in freezing winter temperatures, and it feeds your crop. We use organic alfalfa and rice hay, which dissolve by early spring. When the alfalfa-straw mixture is applied, and the rains come, it turns into a concrete-type barrier that suppresses weeds. We start weed watching in late March, and if the ground is dry enough, we will begin using our handy finger weeder attached to our tractor. , This makes weeding our 10 acres plots a breeze. We also walk the fields to get any weeds missed and remove them by hand. We realize not many folks have a finger weeder, so in small gardens, apply more mulch or weed, following your farm’s cultural practices. Its also wise to use some organic foliar fertilizer that contains nitrogen, potassium, phosphorus, and sulfur every 2 to 3 weeks. We use Neptune’s seaweed and fish emulsion applied in early the mornings, so the leaves do not burn when absorbing the nutrients. Hand sprayers are just as effective and significantly affect overall plant health. Garlic requires 1 inch of water per week for best results.
It’s time to Harvest the garlic scapes from this hard-neck variety. You can start cutting them when they reach 6 inches, or you can wait a bit longer and see them start to curl. The scapes can curl two or three times. Let the scapes dry out, harden, and add to flower arrangements if you like. Or you can turn them into delicious treats for your meals. Use them in salads, home-fried potatoes, and any place it calls for onions or garlic. Scapes are sweet and garlicky in flavor. We created a quick and easy scape sauce. About ½ pound of fresh scapes mixed in a food mill becomes a thick paste; add some chicken broth to thin it out. Cook on low heat for about 5 min to warm it up. Add sour cream, a pinch of salt, add a bit of thyme. The sauce should be medium thickness. Use on steaks, chicken, potatoes, and BBQ asparagus with balsamic. Yum. Unfortunately, scapes only come into season for about four weeks. You can freeze them but use them within two months.
Chesnok red garlic typically grows 2 feet in height, and the main stem can reach 1 inch in diameter. Harvest your garlic as it matures. Harvest should be based on the ratio of dead to alive leaves. Typically there are 8 to 10 sets of leaves on Chesnok red. It’s getting close when the dead leaves reach halfway up the stalk.

You can observe bulb size by carefully removing the soil on top of the blub without disturbing the roots. Each week of growth makes a difference in size. Bulbs increase in size in the last 6 to 8 weeks of growth. Be sure to stop watering two weeks before harvest.

After carefully pulling the garlic out of the ground, find a cool dark area with decent airflow and allow the garlic 3 to 5 weeks to cure.

There are two methods for curing.

Method 2: When curing garlic for long-term storage, do not remove the stems and roots. Some dirt may adhere to papers; gently brush it off, and try to remove the least amount of papers for best storage, as you see in supermarkets. You can put the garlic into boxes or use large double paper bags and store it in the chosen cure area. Sort out any damaged or small bulbs, and save these for use in your kitchen. Select the best to replant for the following season. Store in a cool dark place for best results.

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3 reviews for Chesnok Red Garlic

  1. Avatar Of Caleb Schallert

    Caleb Schallert

    I am very impressed with the flavor of this variety. When I got my package the garlic was very fresh and very spicy. I would recommend Basaltic Farms Chesnok Red if you like spicy garlic.

  2. Avatar Of Elijah Mack

    Elijah Mack (verified owner)

    I received my Chesnok Red garlic seeds yesterday afternoon. They were in wonderful shape and very nice sized bulbs and cloves. They smelled wonderful and can’t wait to taste them when cooked with various recipes.

    They will be planted shortly and I will share some of the bulbs/cloves with some of my gardening friends who were looking for wonderful bulbs/cloves to plant for this year.

    I will be ordering from you again next year.

    Have a wonderful week and growing season!

    A very satisfied customer!

    Elijah Mack

    • Michael Schallert (verified owner)

      Wonderful tasting garlic I use it for most of my dinner recipes and sometimes for omelettes. So fresh and delicious. I have been a customer since they started and I love to order at the beginning of the season in August. Fast shipping 3-4 days to Wyoming. Thanks keep up the fantastic work.

  3. Avatar Of Caroline Goulard

    Caroline GOULARD (verified owner)

    Once you taste organic grown, you won’t look back. No more store bought so we can choose flavors.

    This is our 3rd or 4th order. We will be looking out for their new growth next year. Great service, well packaged. So proud to buy from an organic farmer as we are looking up for our health and support our local organic farmers.

    And best of all they are so tasty!

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