Compost: The What, Why, and How

Compost is an integral part of our organic regenerative operation and has numerous forms, uses, and advantages. As a natural way of recycling organic matter, there is no better system to tap into for building soil. When appropriately utilized, Compost can increase plants’ immune systems, improve soil structure, retain moisture and reduce the need for fertilizer.

What Is Compost?

What Is Compost - Organic Garlic Farm - Basaltic Farms

Put very simply, compost is a mixture of decayed organic matter used to help build soil and feed or protect plants. Compost can take many forms and not all is created equal. There is a science behind creating good compost!

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Why Is Compost Used?

Why Is Compost Used - Ccof Certified Organic Garlic Farm - Basaltic Farms

When mixed right, compost can contain more biological life force than any other amendment! The biology of compost includes beetles, nematodes, worms, mites and fungal spores. All of which help to produce a soil that is diverse with life and able to buffer against diseases and pests.

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How Is Compost used?

How Is Compost Used_ - Ccof Certified Organic Garlic Farm - Basaltic Farms

There are many ways to incorporate some form of composting into your agricultural practices. Compost can be derived from green (nitrogen) and dead (carbon) material then added to the soil. Compost tea can be made to water or spray onto crops. Techniques for large-scale farming include utilizing no-till or minimum disturbance systems, cover crops, and grazing.

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Compost Information and Resource

Building Soils For Better Crops  – Another great book by SARE, contains 2 chapters dedicated to compost and many other techniques that build soil. A must-read for anyone looking to learn about soil, compost, and the science of regenerative organic methods.

Large-Scale Organic Materials Composting – Contains a useful table of high carbon and nitrogen materials with C/N ratios. 

Turning Cover Crops Into Green Manure – A brief and interesting article on how to use cover crops as compost. This idea can be used in raised beds, gardens, lawns, and even 1000 acres plots! 

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