Organic Chesnok Red Garlic Bulbs For Sale

CCOF Certified Organic Garlic Farm

Are you looking for a way to add some spice to your garden? Why not try our Organic Chesnok Red seeds? Chesnok Red garlic is a type of organic garlic known for its Medium-hot flavor that retains its flavor when cooking. Planting organic garlic seeds is a great way to add some zest to your garden, and it can also be a healthy addition to your diet. Modern studies have shown that organic garlic can help reduce the risk of heart disease and cancer and confirm that garlic has definite antibiotic properties and is effective against a broad spectrum of bacteria, fungi, and viruses. In addition, organic garlic is rich in vitamins and minerals.

Chesnok is also one of the most disease-resistant types of garlic, meaning it is effortless to grow. Our Chesnok Red garlic is 100% organic and grown without pesticides or herbicides. Your body and taste buds will thank you! 


About Chesnok Red Garlic Seed:

Chesnok Red Garlic Seed

Hardneck – Porcelain

Chesnok Red is an attractive hard-neck varietal from the purple stripe family featuring a stunning cranberry color and large, easy-to-crack heads. This strain, known as ‘Shvelisi,’ is the name of a town in the Southern Republic of Georgia where it originates. It was either brought by immigrants or the USDA convoy that traversed the Caucasus mountains visiting villages and looking for garlic varieties after the fall of the soviet union.

Genetic analysis has revealed that the purple stripe family of hardneck garlic is likely the original cultivar from which all other garlic varieties arose. Purple stripe garlic features tight clove wrappings that help increase its storage time, lasting 7- 9 months in the proper storage conditions.

Chesnok Red: Keep the temperature between 45 to 60 degrees for long-term storage. It has a sweet and mild flavor that holds while cooking and has regularly won awards for baking, placing it in high culinary regard. Some say its sweet flavor imparts itself best to garlic ice cream over all other varieties!

Growing Chesnok Red Garlic:

When Is the Best Time To Plant Chesnok Red Garlic Seed?

October – November Plant cloves in the ground 3 – 5 weeks before the hard freeze. You can plant in the spring but run the risk of heads being smaller due to a shorter growing time.

November – December: Spread mulch, compost, straw, or a mix of both over your crop to help insulate the garlic in freezing winter temperatures, and it feeds your crop. We use organic alfalfa and rice hay, which dissolve by early spring. When the alfalfa-straw mixture is applied, and the rains come, it turns into a concrete-type barrier that suppresses weeds. We start weed watching in late March, and if the ground is dry enough, we will begin using our handy finger weeder attached to our tractor. , This makes weeding our 10 acres plots a breeze. We also walk the fields to get any weeds missed and remove them by hand. We realize not many folks have a finger weeder, so in small gardens, apply more mulch or weed, following your farm’s cultural practices. Its also wise to use some organic foliar fertilizer that contains nitrogen, potassium, phosphorus, and sulfur every 2 to 3 weeks. We use Neptune’s seaweed and fish emulsion applied in early the mornings, so the leaves do not burn when absorbing the nutrients. Hand sprayers are just as effective and significantly affect overall plant health. Garlic requires 1 inch of water per week for best results. 

Late May – Early June: It’s time to Harvest the garlic scapes from this hard-neck variety. You can start cutting them when they reach 6 inches, or you can wait a bit longer and see them start to curl. The scapes can curl two or three times. Let the scapes dry out, harden, and add to flower arrangements if you like. Or you can turn them into delicious treats for your meals. Use them in salads, home-fried potatoes, and any place it calls for onions or garlic. Scapes are sweet and garlicky in flavor. We created a quick and easy scape sauce. About ½ pound of fresh scapes mixed in a food mill becomes a thick paste; add some chicken broth to thin it out. Cook on low heat for about 5 min to warm it up. Add sour cream, a pinch of salt, add a bit of thyme. The sauce should be medium thickness. Use on steaks, chicken, potatoes, and BBQ asparagus with balsamic. Yum. Unfortunately, scapes only come into season for about four weeks. You can freeze them but use them within two months. 

June – July: Chesnok red garlic typically grows 2 feet in height, and the main stem can reach 1 inch in diameter. Harvest your garlic as it matures. Harvest should be based on the ratio of dead to alive leaves. Typically there are 8 to 10 sets of leaves on Chesnok red. It’s getting close when the dead leaves reach halfway up the stalk. 

You can observe bulb size by carefully removing the soil on top of the blub without disturbing the roots. Each week of growth makes a difference in size. Bulbs increase in size in the last 6 to 8 weeks of growth. Be sure to stop watering two weeks before harvest. 

July – August: After carefully pulling the garlic out of the ground, find a cool dark area with decent airflow and allow the garlic 3 to 5 weeks to cure. 

There are two methods for curing.

Method 2: When curing garlic for long-term storage, do not remove the stems and roots. Some dirt may adhere to papers; gently brush it off, and try to remove the least amount of papers for best storage, as you see in supermarkets. You can put the garlic into boxes or use large double paper bags and store it in the chosen cure area. Sort out any damaged or small bulbs, and save these for use in your kitchen. Select the best to replant for the following season. Store in a cool dark place for best results.

October – November: Start the process over again!

Planting Chesnok Red Garlic Seeds:

How To Plant Chesnok Red Garlic Seed

Crack the heads of garlic open by hand, carefully separating the inner cloves and leaving their thin papery covering intact. Plant the largest, undamaged cloves; some cloves might get a nick or two from the hand cracking process. Save the smaller and damaged cloves for a delicious batch of Toum; it’s like garlic mayonnaise!

Tip: Since Chesnok is a hardneck garlic, the stem at the top of the bulb is hard. Gently tap the hard stem onto a hard surface like a 2×4 piece of wood. This help loosens all the seeds and makes cracking the bulb easy.

When planting cloves in the soil, place the pointy end up 3-4 inches deep and 6 inches apart. Then, cover with your soil and bless the seed. Now is the time to add some mulch or straw to help insulate the garlic from the winter rain or snow. We get some storms that leave 18 inches of snow for a week or two. Garlic loves the vernalization of freezing weather. Even when there is snow on the crop, the seeds slowly send new roots deeper into the ground.

Garlic is an amazing plant; the roots naturally pull the bulbs deeper into the soil. You may want to grow soft neck varieties if you live in a milder climate and do not get hard freezes. Chesnok is a very hardy plant and will grow in any environment. We have had some customers living in the south tell us they have tricked the garlic by placing it in their freezer for two weeks to mimic vernalization, and it produces excellent bulbs.

Harvesting Chesnok Red Garlic Seeds:

How To Harvest Chesnok Red Garlic Seeds

Chesnok garlic typically grows 24 inches in height, and the main stem can reach 1 inch in diameter. Harvest your garlic as it matures; harvest should be based on the dead to alive leaves ratio. Typically there are 8 to 10 sets of leaves on Chesnok. It’s getting close when you see the dying leaves turn yellow to brown and reach halfway up the stalk. The remaining greener tops will also start to yellow at the tips of the leaves, which is expected. You can spot-check the bulb size by digging around the top of the bulb without disturbing the roots and check the bulb size each week of growth makes a difference in size. Bulbs increase in size in the last 6 to 8 weeks of growth. 

When at least 50-75% of your crop has ½ green and brown leaves, stop watering and let the soil dry out. This lack of water stresses the bulbs and quickly increases the bulb size. We stop watering two weeks before we think it’s ready. 

When you are confident and happy with the size of the bulb, use a hay fork and carefully loosen the soil 6 to 8 inches away from the bulbs to prevent damage.

Because you have added mulch, the bulbs maybe 6 to 8 inches deep into the soil. 

Important: Do not remove the excess dirt with water. Your garlic is drying out, and adding water to wash off dirt is a bad thing, as the garlic will immediately start to absorb the new water. The soil can be removed a few days later when it’s dried with a soft brush. Be careful not to remove the layers of paper on the outside of the garlic. 

Important: Do not leave the garlic bulb in sunlight for more than half an hour. The sun will quickly damage garlic by cooking it. However, you will not discover the damage until it’s too late, and the garlic will be mushy during the cure.

Storing Chesnok Red Garlic Seeds:

How To Cure Organic Chesnok Red Garlic Seeds

There are two methods to cure garlic. 

One way to ensure the most prolonged storage Is not to remove the leaves or roots after the garlic is fully cured, 3 to 6 weeks after harvesting. The reasoning is that the leaves and roots left in place until ready for use enhance the flavor by letting the natural moisture slowly evaporate, expanding flavor compounds while your garlic cures.

In both curing methods: Hang bulbs in a well-ventilated, dry area out of direct sunlight at room temperature, ensuring the temperature does not drop below 45 degrees for 3 to 6 weeks. It’s OK if the temperature reaches 90+ degrees for a short period. However, for prolonged high temperatures, use a fan or two to keep the air moving as it aids the drying process. 

The Second Method: After 3 to 6 weeks of curing. You can now remove the dirt, leaves, and roots and make them look pretty like you see in supermarkets. You can then put them into ventilated boxes or double paper bags. Place the garlic in the dark, cool, and well-ventilated area. You will get the best results if you can keep the temperature between 45 to 55 degrees. These will store for six months or longer; this method also makes room for items you want to store. 

If you want to braid the garlic, ensure the stems have dried slightly but are still flexible. Braiding garlic is an art and much work. We suggest watching how to weave garlic on YouTube as they have many videos. 

Garlic hanging time varies depending on the weather in your area; you’ll know it’s done when the roots and leaves are completely dry and easily breakable.

This can take anywhere from 3 – 6 weeks.

Chesnok Red Garlic FAQ

How do you grow red Chesnok garlic?

Start with purchasing 100% certified organic seed stock from Basaltic Farms. Read our detailed how-to for each variety sold on our site. 

Quick Review: To plant Chesnok Red Garlic, position the bulbs 4 to 6 inches apart in rows 12 inches apart in full sun. After planting, the soil should be loose and well-drained; immediately water the bulbs. Garlic does best when it receives 1 inch of water per week. You can apply mulch after planting. Then waiting for the shoots to appear can take 4 to 6 weeks. Once the shoots are 6-8 inches, you can begin to feed the garlic with a foliar spray. Enjoy your homegrown organic garlic!

Why does Chesnok garlic turn red?

Chesnok Red garlic is genetically a variety of garlic known for its tendency to turn deep red or purple. The striking color is the result of anthocyanins are responsible for the colors red, purple, and blue in fruits and vegetables and are enhanced in the presence of natural sulfates. Chesnok Red garlic is a popular choice for pickling and roasting, and it can also use to add color and flavor to stir-fries and soups. Whether you’re a garlic aficionado or simply curious about trying something new, Chesnok Red garlic is worth seeking.

Is Chesnok Red Garlic Good?

Chesnok Red Garlic is one of the best-tasting baking garlic and regularly wins acclaim and awards. It is very sweet and tasty and adds a sweet garlic flavor without much heat to dishes. Chesnok is good garlic for basic cooking due to its pleasant taste. Chesnok Red Garlic is a clove of versatile garlic that can be used in many different dishes and is an excellent choice for those looking for a deliciously sweet and savory taste. Chesnok Red Garlic is sure to please everyone at the table!

How many cloves of garlic are in Chesnok red?

Our Chesnok Red garlic is beautiful, hardy garlic that is relatively easy to grow. It produces 10-14 cloves per bulb in tightly wrapped purple-red skins. Chesnok Red garlic stores moderately well, around 4-6 months, if handled properly after harvest. Chesnok Red garlic is an excellent choice for roasting. Best when cooked in a garlic roasting pottery as the cloves will become very soft and have a mild, nutty flavor for 1 hour at 350 degrees. You should cut 1/3 of the top off the garlic and add some good olive oil, a tablespoon, or 2. You know it’s done when your whole house smells like garlic. Use a toothpick to remove the soft seed, and be sure to have some french bread to spread it on. Chesnok Red garlic is also suitable for stir-fries, soups, and stews.

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